Yoga is an association of spiritual, mental, and physical practices or disciplines that came from ancient India. It is a great way of disciplining the self to achieve the goal that was previously set. Yoga is a wise technique that can make the person control the mind together with the body. It is a meaningful meditative method to figure out the clear and peaceful perception that can lead to overcoming any stress, confusion, and doubts. Yoga has been popular a means to achieving the best body posture and clear-mindedness.
As ironic as it may sound, the detailed and exact history of Yoga’s origin is not clear. Yoga promotes utmost relaxation, provides a clear mind, but yoga’s history is far from clear, and even after it’s huge success all over the world, the accurate yoga history is still undetermined for sure. Though yoga originates from ancient India, there has been no consensus found to prove this. However, speculations have been made, and some theories emerged as to the history of yoga.
Pre-Vedic India (3300-1900 BCE)
Yoga was stated to have come from the Indus Valley Civilization. This theory as founded by the fact that scholars Marshall, Eliade and others found the Pashupati seal in Indus Valley Civilization and the seal portrays figures that are in position quite like the typical yoga or meditation pose.
Vedic period (1700-500 BCE)
Ascetic practices or what was called the concentration and proper bodily posture of the Vedic priests while conducting yajna or sacrifice in the Vedic period may be the forerunner of yoga. And the method to control the breathing and vital energy is also part of the Vedic period.
Pre-classical era (500-200 BCE)
The yoga word first appeared meaning the same thing as the modern yoga term in the Katha Upanishad, and was defined as the steady command of the senses, together with the halting of mental activity, resulted in a supreme state of mind. The Sutras Of Hindu philosophy talked about yoga and it was said that in yoga, the mind lives in the soul alone, and cannot be found in the senses. In the 4th century BCE in India, Indian yogins was described as the practice of aloofness and varying postures, for ultimate calmness. And nirodhayoga or yoga of cessation was an early form of yoga described in the Mahabharata.
Classical era (200 BCE-500 CE)
The classical era bore witness to the numerous texts of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism regarding yoga’s techniques and practices, and it is the Patajali’s Yoga Sutras that was known to be the primary key to the yoga history.
Middle Ages (500-1500 CE)
Yoga have developed and improved from the traditional yoga. In this period, the hatha yoga came to life.
Modern period (1800-1900)
It was in the middle of the 19th century that yoga was noticed by the educated western public together with the discussion about Indian philosophy. From there, yoga continued to evolve and more techniques and practices were invented.